4LHM: Thymidine Phosphorylase From E.coli With 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine

The structural study of complexes of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) with nucleoside analogues which inhibit its activity is of special interest because many of these compounds are used as chemotherapeutic agents. Determination of kinetic parameters showed that 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (3'-azidothymidine; AZT), which is widely used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus, is a reversible noncompetitive inhibitor of Escherichia coli thymidine phosphorylase (TP). The three-dimensional structure of E. coli TP complexed with AZT was solved by the molecular-replacement method and was refined at 1.52 A resolution. Crystals for X-ray study were grown in microgravity by the counter-diffusion technique from a solution of the protein in phosphate buffer with ammonium sulfate as a precipitant. The AZT molecule was located with full occupancy in the electron-density maps in the nucleoside-binding pocket of TP, whereas the phosphate-binding pocket of the enzyme was occupied by phosphate (or sulfate) ion. The structure of the active-site cavity and conformational changes of the enzyme upon AZT binding are described in detail. It is found that the position of AZT differs remarkably from the positions of the pyrimidine bases and nucleoside analogues in other known complexes of pyrimidine phosphorylases, but coincides well with the position of 2'-fluoro-3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyuridine (N3FddU) in the recently investigated complex of E. coli TP with this ligand (Timofeev et al., 2013). The peculiarities of the arrangement of N3FddU and 3'-azidothymidine in the nucleoside binding pocket of TP and correlations between the arrangement and inhibitory properties of these compounds are discussed.
PDB ID: 4LHMDownload
MMDB ID: 119025
PDB Deposition Date: 2013/7/1
Updated in MMDB: 2014/07
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.52  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4LHM: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4LHM
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Thymidine Phosphorylase(Gene symbol: deoA)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (20 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB