4LBO: Crystal Structure Of Human Galectin-3 Crd In Complex With A-gm3

Galectins have essential roles in pathological states including cancer, inflammation, angiogenesis and microbial infections. Endogenous receptors include members of the lacto- and neolacto-series glycosphingolipids present on mammalian cells and contain the tetrasaccharides lacto-N-tetraose (LNT) and lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnT) that form their core structural components and also ganglio-series glycosphingolipids. We present crystallographic structures of the carbohydrate recognition domain of human galectin-3, both wild type and a mutant (K176L) that influenced ligand affinity, in complex with LNT, LNnT and acetamido ganglioside a-GM3 (alpha2,3-sialyllactose). Key structural features revealed include galectin-3's demonstration of a binding mode towards gangliosides distinct from that to the lacto/neolacto-glycosphingolipids, with its capacity for recognising the core beta-galactoside region being challenged when the core oligosaccharide epitope of ganglio-series glycosphingolipids (GM3) is embedded within particular higher-molecular-weight glycans. The lacto- and neolacto- glycosphingolipids revealed different orientations of their terminal galactose in the galectin-3-bound LNT and LNnT structures that has significant ramifications for the capacity of galectin-3 to interact with higher-order lacto/neolacto-series glycosphingolipids such as ABH blood group antigens and the HNK-1 antigen that is common on leukocytes. LNnT also presents an important model for poly-N-acetyllactosamine-containing glycans and provides insight into galectin-3's accommodation of extended oligosaccharides such as the poly-N-acetyllactosamine-modified N- and O-glycans that, via galectin-3 interaction, facilitate progression of lung and bladder cancers, respectively. These findings provide the first atomic detail of galectin-3's interactions with the core structures of mammalian glycosphingolipids, providing information important in understanding the capacity of galectin-3 to engage with receptors identified as facilitators of major disease.
PDB ID: 4LBODownload
MMDB ID: 116840
PDB Deposition Date: 2013/6/20
Updated in MMDB: 2014/03
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.65  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4LBO: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4LBO
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Galectin-3(Gene symbol: LGALS3)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (6 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB