4K6G: Crystal structure of CALB from Candida antarctica

Enzyme stability is an important issue for protein engineers. Understanding how rigidity in the active site affects protein kinetic stability will provide new insight into enzyme stabilization. In this study, we demonstrated enhanced kinetic stability of Candida antarctica lipase B (CalB) by mutating the structurally flexible residues within the active site. Six residues within 10 A of the catalytic Ser(105) residue with a high B factor were selected for iterative saturation mutagenesis. After screening 2200 colonies, we obtained the D223G/L278M mutant, which exhibited a 13-fold increase in half-life at 48 degrees C and a 12 degrees C higher T50(15), the temperature at which enzyme activity is reduced to 50% after a 15-min heat treatment. Further characterization showed that global unfolding resistance against both thermal and chemical denaturation also improved. Analysis of the crystal structures of wild-type CalB and the D223G/L278M mutant revealed that the latter formed an extra main chain hydrogen bond network with seven structurally coupled residues within the flexible alpha10 helix that are primarily involved in forming the active site. Further investigation of the relative B factor profile and molecular dynamics simulation confirmed that the enhanced rigidity decreased fluctuation of the active site residues at high temperature. These results indicate that enhancing the rigidity of the flexible segment within the active site may provide an efficient method for improving enzyme kinetic stability.
PDB ID: 4K6GDownload
MMDB ID: 117034
PDB Deposition Date: 2013/4/15
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.5  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4K6G: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4K6G
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Lipase B
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB