National Center for
4JSJ: Structure of rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase heme domain in complex with 6-(((5-(((3-fluorophenethyl)amino)methyl)pyridin-3-yl)oxy)methyl)-4-methylpyridin-2-amine
In search of potent and selective inhibitors of neuronal nitric oxide synthase with more simple structures
Bioorg. Med. Chem. (2013) 21 p.5323-5331
In certain neurodegenerative diseases damaging levels of nitric oxide (NO) are produced by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). It, therefore, is important to develop inhibitors selective for nNOS that do not interfere with other NOS isoforms, especially endothelial NOS (eNOS), which is critical for proper functioning of the cardiovascular system. While we have been successful in developing potent and isoform-selective inhibitors, such as lead compounds 1 and 2, the ease of synthesis and bioavailability have been problematic. Here we describe a new series of compounds including crystal structures of NOS-inhibitor complexes that integrate the advantages of easy synthesis and good biological properties compared to the lead compounds. These results provide the basis for additional structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies to guide further improvement of isozyme selective inhibitors.