National Center for
4JK9: Open And Closed Forms Of Wild-type Human Prp8 Rnase H-like Domain With Bound Co Ion
A conformational switch in PRP8 mediates metal ion coordination that promotes pre-mRNA exon ligation
Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. (2013) 20 p.728-734
Splicing of pre-mRNAs in eukaryotes is catalyzed by the spliceosome, a large RNA-protein metalloenzyme. The catalytic center of the spliceosome involves a structure comprising the U2 and U6 snRNAs and includes a metal bound by U6 snRNA. The precise architecture of the splicesome active site, however, and the question of whether it includes protein components, remains unresolved. A wealth of evidence places the protein PRP8 at the heart of the spliceosome through assembly and catalysis. Here we provide evidence that the RNase H domain of PRP8 undergoes a conformational switch between the two steps of splicing, rationalizing yeast prp8 alleles that promote either the first or second step. We also show that this switch unmasks a metal-binding site involved in the second step. Together, these data establish that PRP8 is a metalloprotein that promotes exon ligation within the spliceosome.