National Center for
4ITU: Crystal Structure Of S-2-hydroxypropyl Coenzyme M Dehydrogenase (s- Hpcdh) Bound To S-hpc And Nadh
Crystal structures of S-HPCDH reveal determinants of stereospecificity for R- and S-hydroxypropyl-coenzyme M dehydrogenases
Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (2013) 533 p.62-68
(R)- and (S)-hydroxypropyl-coenzyme M dehydrogenases (R- and S-HPCDH) are stereospecific enzymes that are central to the metabolism of propylene and epoxide in Xanthobacter autotrophicus. The bacterium produces R- and S-HPCDH simultaneously to facilitate transformation of R- and S-enantiomers of epoxypropane to a common achiral product 2-ketopropyl-CoM (2-KPC). Both R- and S-HPCDH are highly specific for their respective substrates as each enzyme displays less than 0.5% activity with the opposite substrate isomer. In order to elucidate the structural basis for stereospecificity displayed by R- and S-HPCDH we have determined substrate bound crystal structures of S-HPCDH to 1.6A resolution. Comparisons to the previously reported product-bound structure of R-HPCDH reveal that although the placement of catalytic residues within the active site of each enzyme is nearly identical, structural differences in the surrounding area provide each enzyme with a distinct substrate binding pocket. These structures demonstrate how chiral discrimination by R- and S-HPCDH results from alternative binding of the distal end of substrates within each substrate binding pocket.