4IMT: Structure of rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase in complex with 6,6'-((4-(3-aminopropyl)-1,3-phenylene)bis(ethane-2,1-diyl))bis(4-methylpyridin-2-amine)

Citation:
Abstract
Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) comprise three closely related isoforms that catalyze the oxidation of L-arginine to L-citrulline and the important second messenger nitric oxide (NO). Pharmacological selective inhibition of neuronal NOS (nNOS) has the potential to be therapeutically beneficial in various neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we present a structure-guided, selective nNOS inhibitor design based on the crystal structure of lead compound 1 in nNOS. The best inhibitor, 7, exhibited low nanomolar inhibitory potency and good isoform selectivities (nNOS over eNOS and iNOS are 472-fold and 239-fold, respectively). Consistent with the good selectivity, 7 binds to nNOS and eNOS with different binding modes. The distinctly different binding modes of 7, driven by the critical residue Asp597 in nNOS, offers compelling insight to explain its isozyme selectivity, which should guide future drug design programs.
PDB ID: 4IMTDownload
MMDB ID: 109423
PDB Deposition Date: 2013/1/3
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4IMT: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4IMT
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Nitric Oxide Synthase, Brain(Gene symbol: Nos1)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (9 molecules)
1
2
2
2
3
2
4
2
5
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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