National Center for
4HHM: Crystal Structure Of A Mutant, G219a, Of Glucose Isomerase From Streptomyces Sp. Sk
Identification of critical residues for the activity and thermostability of Streptomyces sp. SK glucose isomerase
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2013) 97 p.9715-9726
The role of residue 219 in the physicochemical properties of D-glucose isomerase from Streptomyces sp. SK strain (SKGI) was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis and structural studies. Mutants G219A, G219N, and G219F were generated and characterized. Comparative studies of their physicochemical properties with those of the wild-type enzyme highlighted that mutant G219A displayed increased specific activity and thermal stability compared to that of the wild-type enzyme, while for G219N and G219F, these properties were considerably decreased. A double mutant, SKGI F53L/G219A, displayed a higher optimal temperature and a higher catalytic efficiency than both the G219A mutant and the wild-type enzyme and showed a half-life time of about 150 min at 85 degrees C as compared to 50 min for wild-type SKGI. Crystal structures of SKGI wild-type and G219A enzymes were solved to 1.73 and 2.15 A, respectively, and showed that the polypeptide chain folds into two structural domains. The larger domain consists of a (beta/alpha)8 unit, and the smaller domain forms a loop of alpha helices. Detailed analyses of the three-dimensional structures highlighted minor but important changes in the active site region as compared to that of the wild-type enzyme leading to a displacement of both metal ions, and in particular that in site M2. The structural analyses moreover revealed how the substitution of G219 by an alanine plays a crucial role in improving the thermostability of the mutant enzyme.