National Center for
4HAU: Crystal Structure of Crm1 Inhibitor Ratjadone a in Complex With Crm1- Ran-ranbp1
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. (2013) 110 p.1303-1308
The polyketide natural product Leptomycin B inhibits nuclear export mediated by the karyopherin protein chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1). Here, we present 1.8- to 2.0-A-resolution crystal structures of CRM1 bound to Leptomycin B and related inhibitors Anguinomycin A and Ratjadone A. Structural and complementary chemical analyses reveal an unexpected mechanism of inhibition involving covalent conjugation and CRM1-mediated hydrolysis of the natural products' lactone rings. Furthermore, mutagenesis reveals the mechanism of hydrolysis by CRM1. The nuclear export signal (NES)-binding groove of CRM1 is able to drive a chemical reaction in addition to binding protein cargoes for transport through the nuclear pore complex.