National Center for
4GJI: Crystal Structure Of Pseudomonas Stutzeri L-rhamnose Isomerase Mutant H101n In Complex With L-rhamnopyranose
Structure of l-rhamnose isomerase in complex with l-rhamnopyranose demonstrates the sugar-ring opening mechanism and the role of a substrate sub-binding site
FEBS Open Bio (2012) 3 p.35-40» All references (4)
l-Rhamnose isomerase (l-RhI) catalyzes the reversible isomerization of l-rhamnose to l-rhamnulose. Previously determined X-ray structures of l-RhI showed a hydride-shift mechanism for the isomerization of substrates in a linear form, but the mechanism for opening of the sugar-ring is still unclear. To elucidate this mechanism, we determined X-ray structures of a mutant l-RhI in complex with l-rhamnopyranose and d-allopyranose. Results suggest that a catalytic water molecule, which acts as an acid/base catalyst in the isomerization reaction, is likely to be involved in pyranose-ring opening, and that a newly found substrate sub-binding site in the vicinity of the catalytic site may recognize different anomers of substrates.