National Center for
4G1C: Human Sirt5 Bound To Succ-Idh2 And Carba-Nad
J. Org. Chem. (2012) 77 p.7319-7329
Carba-NAD is a synthetic compound identical to NAD except for one substitution, where an oxygen atom adjacent to the anomeric linkage bearing nicotinamide is replaced with a methylene group. Because it is inert in nicotinamide displacement reactions, carba-NAD is an unreactive substrate analogue for NAD-consuming enzymes. SIRT3 and SIRT5 are NAD-consuming enzymes that are potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of metabolic diseases and cancers. We report an improved carba-NAD synthesis, including a pyrophosphate coupling method that proceeds in approximately 60% yield. We also disclose the X-ray crystal structures of the ternary complexes of SIRT3 and SIRT5 bound to a peptide substrate and carba-NAD. These X-ray crystal structures provide critical snapshots of the mechanism by which human sirtuins function as protein deacylation catalysts.