National Center for
4FB8: Crystal Structure of apo Acyl-CoA Carboxylase
Structure, activity, and inhibition of the Carboxyltransferase beta-subunit of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (AccD6) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2014) 58 p.6122-6132
In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the carboxylation of acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) to produce malonyl-CoA, a building block in long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis, is catalyzed by two enzymes working sequentially: a biotin carboxylase (AccA) and a carboxyltransferase (AccD). While the exact roles of the three different biotin carboxylases (AccA1 to -3) and the six carboxyltransferases (AccD1 to -6) in M. tuberculosis are still not clear, AccD6 in complex with AccA3 can synthesize malonyl-CoA from acetyl-CoA. A series of 10 herbicides that target plant acetyl-CoA carboxylases (ACC) were tested for inhibition of AccD6 and for whole-cell activity against M. tuberculosis. From the tested herbicides, haloxyfop, an arylophenoxypropionate, showed in vitro inhibition of M. tuberculosis AccD6, with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 21.4 +/- 1 muM. Here, we report the crystal structures of M. tuberculosis AccD6 in the apo form (3.0 A) and in complex with haloxyfop-R (2.3 A). The structure of M. tuberculosis AccD6 in complex with haloxyfop-R shows two molecules of the inhibitor bound on each AccD6 subunit. These results indicate the potential for developing novel therapeutics for tuberculosis based on herbicides with low human toxicity.