National Center for
4F7H: The Crystal Structure Of Kindlin-2 Pleckstrin Homology Domain In Free Form
Crystal structure of kindlin-2 PH domain reveals a conformational transition for its membrane anchoring and regulation of integrin activation
Protein Cell (2012) 3 p.434-440
Kindlin-2 belongs to a subfamily of FERM domain containing proteins, which plays key roles in activating integrin transmembrane receptors and mediating cell adhesion. Compared to conventional FERM domains, kindlin-2 FERM contains an inserted pleckstrin homology (PH) domain that specifically binds to phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5) trisphosphate (PIP3) and regulates the kindlin-2 function. We have determined the crystal structure of kindlin-2 PH domain at 1.9 A resolution, which reveals a conserved PH domain fold with a highly charged and open binding pocket for PIP3 head group. Structural comparison with a previously reported solution structure of kindlin-2 PH domain bound to PIP3 head group reveals that upon PIP3 insertion, there is a significant conformational change of both the highly positively charged loop at the entry of the PIP3 binding pocket and the entire beta barrel of the PH domain. We propose that such "induced-fit" type change is crucial for the tight binding of PIP3 to anchor kindlin-2 onto the membrane surface, thereby promoting its binding to integrins. Our results provide important structural insight into kindlin-2-mediated membrane anchoring and integrin activation.