National Center for
4EGC: Crystal Structure Of Mbp-fused Human Six1 Bound To Human Eya2 Eya Domain
Structure-function analyses of the human SIX1-EYA2 complex reveal insights into metastasis and BOR syndrome
Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. (2013) 20 p.447-453
SIX1 interacts with EYA to form a bipartite transcription factor essential for mammalian development. Loss of function of this complex causes branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome, whereas re-expression of SIX1 or EYA promotes metastasis. Here we describe the 2.0-A structure of SIX1 bound to EYA2, which suggests a new DNA-binding mechanism for SIX1 and provides a rationale for the effect of BOR syndrome mutations. The structure also reveals that SIX1 uses predominantly a single helix to interact with EYA. Substitution of a single amino acid in this helix is sufficient to disrupt SIX1-EYA interaction, SIX1-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis in mouse models. Given that SIX1 and EYA are overexpressed in many tumor types, our data indicate that targeting the SIX1-EYA complex may be a potent approach to inhibit tumor progression in multiple cancer types.