National Center for
4DYG: Crystal Structure Of A Family Gh-19 Chitinase From Rye Seeds In Complex With (glcnac)4
Crystal structure and chitin oligosaccharide-binding mode of a 'loopful' family GH19 chitinase from rye, Secale cereale, seeds
FEBS J. (2012) 279 p.3639-3651
The substrate-binding mode of a 26-kDa GH19 chitinase from rye, Secale cereale, seeds (RSC-c) was investigated by crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis and NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of RSC-c in a complex with an N-acetylglucosamine tetramer, (GlcNAc)(4) , was successfully solved, and revealed the binding mode of the tetramer to be an aglycon-binding site, subsites +1, +2, +3, and +4. These are the first crystallographic data showing the oligosaccharide-binding mode of a family GH19 chitinase. From HPLC analysis of the enzymatic reaction products, mutation of Trp72 to alanine was found to affect the product distribution obtained from the substrate, p-nitrophenyl penta-N-acetyl-beta-chitopentaoside. Mutational experiments confirmed the crystallographic finding that the Trp72 side chain interacts with the +4 moiety of the bound substrate. To further confirm the crystallographic data, binding experiments were also conducted in solution using NMR spectroscopy. Several signals in the (1) H-(15) N HSQC spectrum of the stable isotope-labeled RSC-c were affected upon addition of (GlcNAc)(4) . Signal assignments revealed that most signals responsive to the addition of (GlcNAc)(4) are derived from amino acids located at the surface of the aglycon-binding site. The binding mode deduced from NMR binding experiments in solution was consistent with that from the crystal structure.