4CZF: C. crescentus MreB, single filament, ADP

Filaments of all actin-like proteins known to date are assembled from pairs of protofilaments that are arranged in a parallel fashion, generating polarity. In this study, we show that the prokaryotic actin homologue MreB forms pairs of protofilaments that adopt an antiparallel arrangement in vitro and in vivo. We provide an atomic view of antiparallel protofilaments of Caulobacter MreB as apparent from crystal structures. We show that a protofilament doublet is essential for MreB's function in cell shape maintenance and demonstrate by in vivo site-specific cross-linking the antiparallel orientation of MreB protofilaments in E. coli. 3D cryo-EM shows that pairs of protofilaments of Caulobacter MreB tightly bind to membranes. Crystal structures of different nucleotide and polymerisation states of Caulobacter MreB reveal conserved conformational changes accompanying antiparallel filament formation. Finally, the antimicrobial agents A22/MP265 are shown to bind close to the bound nucleotide of MreB, presumably preventing nucleotide hydrolysis and destabilising double protofilaments.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.02634.001.
PDB ID: 4CZFDownload
MMDB ID: 120581
PDB Deposition Date: 2014/4/19
Updated in MMDB: 2014/08
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.64  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4CZF: monomeric; determined by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4CZF
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
ROD Shape-determining Protein Mreb
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB