4C30: Crystal Structure Of Deinococcus Radiodurans Uvrd In Complex With Dna, Form 2

DNA helicases are responsible for unwinding the duplex DNA, a key step in many biological processes. UvrD is a DNA helicase involved in several DNA repair pathways. We report here crystal structures of Deinococcus radiodurans UvrD (drUvrD) in complex with DNA in different nucleotide-free and bound states. These structures provide us with three distinct snapshots of drUvrD in action and for the first time trap a DNA helicase undergoing a large-scale spiral movement around duplexed DNA. Our structural data also improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate DNA unwinding by Superfamily 1A (SF1A) helicases. Our biochemical data reveal that drUvrD is a DNA-stimulated ATPase, can translocate along ssDNA in the 3'-5' direction and shows ATP-dependent 3'-5', and surprisingly also, 5'-3' helicase activity. Interestingly, we find that these translocase and helicase activities of drUvrD are modulated by the ssDNA binding protein. Analysis of drUvrD mutants indicate that the conserved beta-hairpin structure of drUvrD that functions as a separation pin is critical for both drUvrD's 3'-5' and 5'-3' helicase activities, whereas the GIG motif of drUvrD involved in binding to the DNA duplex is essential for the 5'-3' helicase activity only. These special features of drUvrD may reflect its involvement in a wide range of DNA repair processes in vivo.
PDB ID: 4C30Download
MMDB ID: 114641
PDB Deposition Date: 2013/8/21
Updated in MMDB: 2013/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 3  Å
Source Organism:
synthetic construct
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4C30: tetrameric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4C30
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
DNA Helicase II
Molecule annotation
Nucleotides(2 molecules)
DNA Strand For25
Molecule annotation
DNA Strand Rev25
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB