4A47: Crosstalk Between Cu(i) And Zn(ii) Homeostasis

Citation:
Abstract
Although zinc and copper are required by proteins with very different functions, these metals can be delivered to cellular locations by homologous metal transporters within the same organism, as demonstrated by the cyanobacterial ( Synechocystis PCC 6803) zinc exporter ZiaA and thylakoidal copper importer PacS. The N-terminal metal-binding domains of these transporters (ZiaAN and PacSN, respectively) have related ferredoxin folds also found in the metallochaperone Atx1, which delivers copper to PacS, but differ in the residues found in their M/IXCXXC metal-binding motifs. To investigate the role of the nonconserved residues in this region on metal binding, the sequence from ZiaAN has been introduced into Atx1 and PacSN, and the motifs of Atx1 and PacSN swapped. The motif sequence can tune Cu(I) affinity only approximately 3-fold. However, the introduction of the ZiaAN motif (MDCTSC) dramatically increases the Zn(II) affinity of both Atx1 and PacSN by up to 2 orders of magnitude. The Atx1 mutant with the ZiaAN motif crystallizes as a side-to-side homodimer very similar to that found for [Cu(I)2-Atx1]2 ( Badarau et al. Biochemistry 2010 , 49 , 7798 ). In a crystal structure of the PacSN mutant possessing the ZiaAN motif (PacSN(ZiaAN)), the Asp residue from the metal-binding motif coordinates Zn(II). This demonstrates that the increased Zn(II) affinity of this variant and the high Zn(II) affinity of ZiaAN are due to the ability of the carboxylate to ligate this metal ion. Comparison of the Zn(II) sites in PacSN(ZiaAN) structures provides additional insight into Zn(II) trafficking in cyanobacteria.
PDB ID: 4A47Download
MMDB ID: 105727
PDB Deposition Date: 2011/10/7
Updated in MMDB: 2012/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 4A47: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 4A47
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Ssr2857 Protein
Molecule annotation
Chemical (1 molecule)
1
1
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