National Center for
3WQS: Crystal Structure Of Pfdxr Complexed With Inhibitor-126
J. Med. Chem. (2014) 57 p.8827-8838
1-Deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase of Plasmodium falciparum (PfIspC, PfDxr), believed to be the rate-limiting enzyme of the nonmevalonate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis (MEP pathway), is a clinically validated antimalarial target. The enzyme is efficiently inhibited by the natural product fosmidomycin. To gain new insights into the structure activity relationships of reverse fosmidomycin analogs, several reverse analogs of fosmidomycin were synthesized and biologically evaluated. The 4-methoxyphenyl substituted derivative 2c showed potent inhibition of PfIspC as well as of P. falciparum growth and was more than one order of magnitude more active than fosmidomycin. The binding modes of three new derivatives in complex with PfIspC, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, and Mg(2+) were determined by X-ray structure analysis. Notably, PfIspC selectively binds the S-enantiomers of the study compounds.