National Center for
3WOG: Crystal structure plant lectin in complex with ligand
Phytohemagglutinin from Phaseolus vulgaris (PHA-E) displays a novel glycan recognition mode using a common legume lectin fold
Glycobiology (2014) 24 p.368-378
Phytohemagglutinin from Phaseolus vulgaris (PHA-E), a legume lectin, has an unusual specificity toward biantennary galactosylated N-glycan with bisecting N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). To investigate the interaction in detail, we have solved the crystal structures of PHA-E without ligand and in complex with biantennary N-glycan derivatives. PHA-E interacts with the trisaccharide unit (Galbeta1-4GlcNAcbeta1-2Man) in a manner completely different from that of mannose/glucose-specific legume lectins. The inner mannose residue binds to a novel site on the protein, and its rotation is opposite to that occurring in the monosaccharide-binding site of other lectins around the sugar O3 axis. Saturation-transfer difference NMR using biantennary di-galactosylated and bisected glycans reveals that PHA-E interacts with both antennas almost equally. The unique carbohydrate interaction explains the glycan-binding specificity and high affinity.