National Center for
3VUT: Crystal structures of non-phosphorylated MAP2K4
Crystal and solution structures disclose a putative transient state of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2012) 425 p.195-200
Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MAP2K4) plays a crucial role in the stress-activated signal cascade and is enzymatically regulated by ligand or substrate binding, and/or post-translational modification. Crystal structures combined with small-angle X-ray scattering experiments revealed that the apo form of non-phosphorylated MAP2K4 (npMAP2K4) exists in a transient state which has a longer conformation compared with the typical kinase folding. Upon ATP-binding, the transient conformation adopted the configuration of typical kinase folding. In the absence of ATP-binding, the transient state of apo npMAP2K4 may shift to a state of aggregation via non-particular hydrophobic interactions as a result of the exposed hydrophobic residues.