National Center for
3VMJ: 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Shewanella oneidensis MR-1
Structural analysis of 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from the obligate piezophile Shewanella benthica DB21MT-2 and the nonpiezophile Shewanella oneidensis MR-1
Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. (2012) 68 p.265-268
Organisms living in deep seas such as the Mariana Trench must be adapted to the extremely high pressure environment. For example, the 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from the obligate piezophile Shewanella benthica DB21MT-2 (SbIPMDH) remains active in extreme conditions under which that from the land bacterium S. oneidensis MR-1 (SoIPMDH) becomes inactivated. In order to unravel the differences between these two IPMDHs, their structures were determined at ~1.5 A resolution. Comparison of the structures of the two enzymes shows that SbIPMDH is in a more open form and has a larger internal cavity volume than SoIPMDH at atmospheric pressure. This loosely packed structure of SbIPMDH could help it to avoid pressure-induced distortion of the native structure and to remain active at higher pressures than SoIPMDH.