National Center for
3VFW: Crystal Structure Of Hla B3508 Lpep-P10ala, Peptide Mutant P10-Ala
The energetic basis underpinning T-cell receptor recognition of a super-bulged peptide bound to a major histocompatibility complex class I molecule
J. Biol. Chem. (2012) 287 p.12267-12276
Although the major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules typically bind short peptide (p) fragments (8-10 amino acids in length), longer, "bulged" peptides are often be presented by MHC-I. Such bulged pMHC-I complexes represent challenges for T-cell receptor (TCR) ligation, although the general principles underscoring the interaction between TCRs and bulged pMHC-I complexes are unclear. To address this, we have explored the energetic basis of how an immunodominant TCR (termed SB27) binds to a 13-amino acid viral peptide (LPEPLPQGQLTAY) complexed to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B*3508. Using the crystal structure of the SB27 TCR-HLA B*3508(LPEP) complex as a guide, we undertook a comprehensive alanine-scanning mutagenesis approach at the TCR-pMHC-I interface and examined the effect of the mutations by biophysical (affinity measurements) and cellular approaches (tetramer staining). Although the structural footprint on HLA B*3508 was small, the energetic footprint was even smaller in that only two HLA B*3508 residues were critical for the TCR interaction. Instead, the energetic basis of this TCR-pMHC-I interaction was attributed to peptide-mediated interactions in which the complementarity determining region 3alpha and germline-encoded complementarity determining region 1beta loops of the SB27 TCR played the principal role. Our findings highlight the peptide-centricity of TCR ligation toward a bulged pMHC-I complex.