3US1: Structure of p63 DNA Binding Domain in Complex with a 22 Base Pair Response Element Containing a Two Base Pair "GC" Spacer Between Half Sites

We show that changes in the nucleotide sequence alter the DNA conformation in the crystal structures of p63 DNA-binding domain (p63DBD) bound to its response element. The conformation of a 22-bp canonical response element containing an AT spacer between the two half-sites is unaltered compared with that containing a TA spacer, exhibiting superhelical trajectory. In contrast, a GC spacers abolishes the DNA superhelical trajectory and exhibits less bent DNA, suggesting that increased GC content accompanies increased double helix rigidity. A 19-bp DNA, representing an AT-rich response element with overlapping half-sites, maintains superhelical trajectory and reveals two interacting p63DBD dimers crossing one another at 120 degrees . p63DBD binding assays to response elements of increasing length complement the structural studies. We propose that DNA deformation may affect promoter activity, that the ability of p63DBD to bind to superhelical DNA suggests that it is capable of binding to nucleosomes, and that overlapping response elements may provide a mechanism to distinguish between p63 and p53 promoters.
PDB ID: 3US1Download
MMDB ID: 96939
PDB Deposition Date: 2011/11/22
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.8  Å
Source Organism:
Homo sapiens
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3US1: hexameric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 3US1
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (4 molecules)
Tumor Protein 63(Gene symbol: TP63)
Molecule annotation
Nucleotide(1 molecule)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB