National Center for
3U8K: Crystal structure of the acetylcholine binding protein (AChBP) from Lymnaea stagnalis in complex with NS3573 (1-(5-ethoxypyridin-3-yl)-1,4-diazepane)
Intersubunit bridge formation governs agonist efficacy at nicotinic acetylcholine alpha4beta2 receptors: unique role of halogen bonding revealed
J. Biol. Chem. (2012) 287 p.4248-4259
The alpha4beta2 subtype of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor has been pursued as a drug target for treatment of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders and smoking cessation aids for decades. Still, a thorough understanding of structure-function relationships of alpha4beta2 agonists is lacking. Using binding experiments, electrophysiology and x-ray crystallography we have investigated a consecutive series of five prototypical pyridine-containing agonists derived from 1-(pyridin-3-yl)-1,4-diazepane. A correlation between binding affinities at alpha4beta2 and the acetylcholine-binding protein from Lymnaea stagnalis (Ls-AChBP) confirms Ls-AChBP as structural surrogate for alpha4beta2 receptors. Crystal structures of five agonists with efficacies at alpha4beta2 from 21-76% were determined in complex with Ls-AChBP. No variation in closure of loop C is observed despite large efficacy variations. Instead, the efficacy of a compound appears tightly coupled to its ability to form a strong intersubunit bridge linking the primary and complementary binding interfaces. For the tested agonists, a specific halogen bond was observed to play a large role in establishing such strong intersubunit anchoring.