3RUW: Crystal Structure Of Cpn-Rls In Complex With Adp-Alfx From Methanococcus Maripaludis

Group II chaperonins mediate protein folding in an ATP-dependent manner in eukaryotes and archaea. The binding of ATP and subsequent hydrolysis promotes the closure of the multi-subunit rings where protein folding occurs. The mechanism by which local changes in the nucleotide-binding site are communicated between individual subunits is unknown. The crystal structure of the archaeal chaperonin from Methanococcus maripaludis in several nucleotides bound states reveals the local conformational changes associated with ATP hydrolysis. Residue Lys-161, which is extremely conserved among group II chaperonins, forms interactions with the gamma-phosphate of ATP but shows a different orientation in the presence of ADP. The loss of the ATP gamma-phosphate interaction with Lys-161 in the ADP state promotes a significant rearrangement of a loop consisting of residues 160-169. We propose that Lys-161 functions as an ATP sensor and that 160-169 constitutes a nucleotide-sensing loop (NSL) that monitors the presence of the gamma-phosphate. Functional analysis using NSL mutants shows a significant decrease in ATPase activity, suggesting that the NSL is involved in timing of the protein folding cycle.
PDB ID: 3RUWDownload
MMDB ID: 96226
PDB Deposition Date: 2011/5/5
Updated in MMDB: 2012/02
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.7  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3RUW: hexadecameric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3RUW
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (16 molecules)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (80 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB