3RIT: Crystal Structure Of Dipeptide Epimerase From Methylococcus Capsulatus Complexed With Mg And Dipeptide L-Arg-D-Lys

Citation:
Abstract
The rapid advance in genome sequencing presents substantial challenges for protein functional assignment, with half or more of new protein sequences inferred from these genomes having uncertain assignments. The assignment of enzyme function in functionally diverse superfamilies represents a particular challenge, which we address through a combination of computational predictions, enzymology, and structural biology. Here we describe the results of a focused investigation of a group of enzymes in the enolase superfamily that are involved in epimerizing dipeptides. The first members of this group to be functionally characterized were Ala-Glu epimerases in Eschericiha coli and Bacillus subtilis, based on the operon context and enzymological studies; these enzymes are presumed to be involved in peptidoglycan recycling. We have subsequently studied more than 65 related enzymes by computational methods, including homology modeling and metabolite docking, which suggested that many would have divergent specificities;, i.e., they are likely to have different (unknown) biological roles. In addition to the Ala-Phe epimerase specificity reported previously, we describe the prediction and experimental verification of: (i) a new group of presumed Ala-Glu epimerases; (ii) several enzymes with specificity for hydrophobic dipeptides, including one from Cytophaga hutchinsonii that epimerizes D-Ala-D-Ala; and (iii) a small group of enzymes that epimerize cationic dipeptides. Crystal structures for certain of these enzymes further elucidate the structural basis of the specificities. The results highlight the potential of computational methods to guide experimental characterization of enzymes in an automated, large-scale fashion.
PDB ID: 3RITDownload
MMDB ID: 90242
PDB Deposition Date: 2011/4/14
Updated in MMDB: 2011/05
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.7  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3RIT: dimeric; determined by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3RIT
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Dipeptide Epimerase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (16 molecules)
1
10
2
2
3
2
4
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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