National Center for
3RB5: Crystal structure of calcium binding domain CBD12 of CALX1.1
Structural basis of the Ca2+ inhibitory mechanism of Drosophila Na+/Ca2+ exchanger CALX and its modification by alternative splicing
Structure (2011) 19 p.1509-1517
The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger CALX promotes Ca(2+) efflux in Drosophila sensory neuronal cells to facilitate light-mediated Ca(2+) homeostasis. CALX activity is negatively regulated by specific Ca(2+) interaction within its two intracellular Ca(2+) regulatory domains CBD1 and CBD2, yet how the Ca(2+) binding is converted to molecular motion to operate the exchanger is unknown. Here, we report crystal structures of the entire Ca(2+) regulatory domain CBD12 from two alternative splicing isoforms, CALX 1.1 and 1.2, exhibiting distinct regulatory Ca(2+) dependency. The structures show an open V-shaped conformation with four Ca(2+) ions bound on the CBD domain interface, confirmed by LRET analysis. The structures together with Ca(2+)-binding analysis support that the Ca(2+) inhibition of CALX is achieved by interdomain conformational changes induced by Ca(2+) binding at CBD1. The conformational difference between the two isoforms also indicates that alternative splicing adjusts the interdomain orientation angle to modify the Ca(2+) regulatory property of the exchangers.