3QJ8: Crystal structure of fatty acid amide hydrolase

Citation:
Abstract
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), an amidase-signature family member, is an integral membrane enzyme that degrades lipid amides including the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide and the sleep-inducing molecule oleamide. Both genetic knock out and pharmacological administration of FAAH inhibitors in rodent models result in analgesic, anxiolytic, and antiinflammatory phenotypes. Targeting FAAH activity, therefore, presents a promising new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of pain and other neurological-related or inflammatory disorders. Nearly all FAAH inhibitors known to date attain their binding potency through a reversible or irreversible covalent modification of the nucleophile Ser241 in the unusual Ser-Ser-Lys catalytic triad. Here, we report the discovery and mechanism of action of a series of ketobenzimidazoles as unique and potent noncovalent FAAH inhibitors. Compound 2, a representative of these ketobenzimidazoles, was designed from a series of ureas that were identified from high-throughput screening. While urea compound 1 is characterized as an irreversible covalent inhibitor, the cocrystal structure of FAAH complexed with compound 2 reveals that these ketobenzimidazoles, though containing a carbonyl moiety, do not covalently modify Ser241. These inhibitors achieve potent inhibition of FAAH activity primarily from shape complementarity to the active site and through numerous hydrophobic interactions. These noncovalent compounds exhibit excellent selectivity and good pharmacokinetic properties. The discovery of this distinctive class of inhibitors opens a new avenue for modulating FAAH activity through nonmechanism-based inhibition.
PDB ID: 3QJ8Download
MMDB ID: 90191
PDB Deposition Date: 2011/1/28
Updated in MMDB: 2011/05
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3QJ8: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3QJ8
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Fatty-acid Amide Hydrolase 1(Gene symbol: Faah)
Molecule annotation
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB
.