National Center for
3N9D: Monoclinic Structure Of P. Aeruginosa Ligd Phosphoesterase Domain
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. (2010) 107 p.12822-12827
The DNA ligase D (LigD) 3'-phosphoesterase (PE) module is a conserved component of the bacterial nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) apparatus that performs 3' end-healing reactions at DNA double-strand breaks. Here we report the 1.9 A crystal structure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PE, which reveals that PE exemplifies a unique class of DNA repair enzyme. PE has a distinctive fold in which an eight stranded beta barrel with a hydrophobic interior supports a crescent-shaped hydrophilic active site on its outer surface. Six essential side chains coordinate manganese and a sulfate mimetic of the scissile phosphate. The PE active site and mechanism are unique vis a vis other end-healing enzymes. We find PE homologs in archaeal and eukaryal proteomes, signifying that PEs comprise a DNA repair superfamily.