3M6D: The Crystal Structure Of The D307a Mutant Of Glycoside Hydrolase (Family 31) From Ruminococcus Obeum Atcc 29174

Citation:
Abstract
The human intestine harbors a large number of microbes forming a complex microbial community that greatly affects the physiology and pathology of the host. In the human gut microbiome, the enrichment in certain protein gene families appears to be widespread. They include enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism such as glucoside hydrolases of dietary polysaccharides and glycoconjugates. We report the crystal structures (wild type, 2 mutants, and a mutant/substrate complex) and the enzymatic activity of a recombinant alpha-glucosidase from human gut bacterium Ruminococcus obeum. The first ever protein structures from this bacterium reveal a structural homologue to human intestinal maltase-glucoamylase with a highly conserved catalytic domain and reduced auxiliary domains. The alpha-glucosidase, a member of GH31 family, shows substrate preference for alpha(1-6) over alpha(1-4) glycosidic linkages and produces glucose from isomaltose as well as maltose. The preference can be switched by a single mutation at its active site, suggestive of widespread adaptation to utilization of a variety of polysaccharides by intestinal micro-organisms as energy resources.
PDB ID: 3M6DDownload
MMDB ID: 81594
PDB Deposition Date: 2010/3/15
Updated in MMDB: 2012/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3M6D: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3M6D
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Uncharacterized Protein
Molecule annotation
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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