3KXL: crystal structure of SsGBP mutation variant G235S

Citation:
Abstract
GTPase domains from members of the HflX protein family have their catalytic glutamine residue of the DxxGQ motif substituted by phenylalanine, while they are still able to hydrolyse GTP. This appears to challenge the traditional view of GTP hydrolysis mechanism of Ras-like GTPases. SsGBP from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus provided the first crystal structure of the HflX family. Here, we report structure-based mutagenesis analyses on SsGBP. Six-point mutations were individually introduced in the Ras-like GTPase domain including regions of P-loop, switches I and II. Intrinsic GTPase activities and thermal stabilities of these variants together with the wild-type full-length SsGBP and its isolated GTPase domain were analysed. Both functional and structural analyses of G235P and G235S mutants, which showed total and partial loss of the GTP hydrolyzing activity, respectively, support our hypothesis that the role of aligning a nucleophilic water molecule by the Ras Gln60 residue is replaced by the backbone amide group of Gly235 in SsGBP. Together with functional studies of other mutants, we conclude that the classical view of GTP hydrolysis mechanism likely remains the same in the HflX family with a twist in the entity of the nucleophilic alignment.
PDB ID: 3KXLDownload
MMDB ID: 82334
PDB Deposition Date: 2009/12/3
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.5  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3KXL: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3KXL
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Gtp-binding Protein (Hflx)(Gene symbol: hflX)
Molecule annotation
Chemical (1 molecule)
1
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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