3KX8: Structural basis of the activity and substrate specificity of the fluoroacetyl-CoA thioesterase FlK

Citation:
Abstract
The thioesterase FlK from the fluoroacetate-producing Streptomyces cattleya catalyzes the hydrolysis of fluoroacetyl-coenzyme A. This provides an effective self-defense mechanism, preventing any fluoroacetyl-coenzyme A formed from being further metabolized to 4-hydroxy-trans-aconitate, a lethal inhibitor of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Remarkably, FlK does not accept acetyl-coenzyme A as a substrate. Crystal structure analysis shows that FlK forms a dimer, in which each subunit adopts a hot dog fold as observed for type II thioesterases. Unlike other type II thioesterases, which invariably utilize either an aspartate or a glutamate as catalytic base, we show by site-directed mutagenesis and crystallography that FlK employs a catalytic triad composed of Thr(42), His(76), and a water molecule, analogous to the Ser/Cys-His-acid triad of type I thioesterases. Structural comparison of FlK complexed with various substrate analogues suggests that the interaction between the fluorine of the substrate and the side chain of Arg(120) located opposite to the catalytic triad is essential for correct coordination of the substrate at the active site and therefore accounts for the substrate specificity.
PDB ID: 3KX8Download
MMDB ID: 81711
PDB Deposition Date: 2009/12/2
Updated in MMDB: 2010/07
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.35  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3KX8: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3KX8
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Fluoroacetyl-coa Thioesterase
Molecule annotation
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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