3KIJ: Crystal structure of the human PDI-peroxidase

Citation:
Abstract
Disulfide bond formation in the endoplasmic reticulum by the sulfhydryl oxidase Ero1 family is thought to be accompanied by the concomitant formation of hydrogen peroxide. Since secretory cells can make substantial amounts of proteins that contain disulfide bonds, the production of this reactive oxygen species could have potentially lethal consequences. Here, we show that two human proteins, GPx7 and GPx8, labeled as secreted glutathione peroxidases, are actually endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein disulfide isomerase peroxidases. In vitro, the addition of GPx7 or GPx8 to a folding protein along with protein disulfide isomerase and peroxide enables the efficient oxidative refolding of a reduced denatured protein. Furthermore, both GPx7 and GPx8 interact with Ero1alpha in vivo, and GPx7 significantly increases oxygen consumption by Ero1alpha in vitro. Hence, GPx7 and GPx8 may represent a novel route for the productive use of peroxide produced by Ero1alpha during disulfide bond formation.
PDB ID: 3KIJDownload
MMDB ID: 87821
PDB Deposition Date: 2009/11/2
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.8  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3KIJ: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3KIJ
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Probable Glutathione Peroxidase 8(Gene symbol: GPX8)
Molecule annotation
Chemical (1 molecule)
1
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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