3K9J: Transposase domain of Metnase

Although the human genome is littered with sequences derived from the Hsmar1 transposon, the only intact Hsmar1 transposase gene exists within a chimeric SET-transposase fusion protein referred to as Metnase or SETMAR. Metnase retains many of the transposase activities including terminal inverted repeat (TIR) specific DNA-binding activity, DNA cleavage activity, albeit uncoupled from TIR-specific binding, and the ability to form a synaptic complex. However, Metnase has evolved as a DNA repair protein that is specifically involved in nonhomologous end joining. Here, we present two crystal structures of the transposase catalytic domain of Metnase revealing a dimeric enzyme with unusual active site plasticity that may be involved in modulating metal binding. We show through characterization of a dimerization mutant, F460K, that the dimeric form of the enzyme is required for its DNA cleavage, DNA-binding, and nonhomologous end joining activities. Of significance is the conservation of F460 along with residues that we propose may be involved in the modulation of metal binding in both the predicted ancestral Hsmar1 transposase sequence as well as in the modern enzyme. The Metnase transposase has been remarkably conserved through evolution; however, there is a clustering of substitutions located in alpha helices 4 and 5 within the putative DNA-binding site, consistent with loss of transposition specific DNA cleavage activity and acquisition of DNA repair specific cleavage activity.
PDB ID: 3K9JDownload
MMDB ID: 83310
PDB Deposition Date: 2009/10/15
Updated in MMDB: 2017/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.903  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3K9J: dimeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 3K9J
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase Setmar(Gene symbol: SETMAR)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (6 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB