3F7J: B.subtilis Yvgn

Citation:
Abstract
Bacillus subtilis is one of the most studied gram-positive bacteria. In this work, YvgN and YtbE from B. subtilis, assigned as AKR5G1 and AKR5G2 of aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily. AKR catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of aldehyde or aldose substrates to alcohols. YvgN and YtbE were studied by crystallographic and enzymatic analyses. The apo structures of these proteins were determined by molecular replacement, and the structure of holoenzyme YvgN with NADPH was also solved, revealing the conformational changes upon cofactor binding. Our biochemical data suggest both YvgN and YtbE have preferential specificity for derivatives of benzaldehyde, such as nitryl or halogen group substitution at the 2 or 4 positions. These proteins also showed broad catalytic activity on many standard substrates of AKR, such as glyoxal, dihydroxyacetone, and DL-glyceraldehyde, suggesting a possible role in bacterial detoxification.
PDB ID: 3F7JDownload
MMDB ID: 68206
PDB Deposition Date: 2008/11/9
Updated in MMDB: 2012/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.7  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3F7J: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3F7J
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Yvgn Protein(Gene symbol: yvgN)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (8 molecules)
1
6
2
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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