3ES7: Crystal structure of divergent enolase from Oceanobacillus Iheyensis complexed with Mg and L-malate

The structure of an uncharacterized member of the enolase superfamily from Oceanobacillus iheyensis (GI 23100298, IMG locus tag Ob2843, PDB entry 2OQY ) was determined by the New York SGX Research Center for Structural Genomics (NYSGXRC). The structure contained two Mg(2+) ions located 10.4 A from one another, with one located in the canonical position in the (beta/alpha)(7)beta-barrel domain (although the ligand at the end of the fifth beta-strand is His, unprecedented in structurally characterized members of the superfamily); the second is located in a novel site within the capping domain. In silico docking of a library of mono- and diacid sugars to the active site predicted a diacid sugar as a likely substrate. Activity screening of a physical library of acid sugars identified galactarate as the substrate (k(cat) = 6.8 s(-1), K(M) = 620 microM, k(cat)/K(M) = 1.1 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1)), allowing functional assignment of Ob2843 as galactarate dehydratase (GalrD-II). The structure of a complex of the catalytically impaired Y90F mutant with Mg(2+) and galactarate allowed identification of a Tyr 164-Arg 162 dyad as the base that initiates the reaction by abstraction of the alpha-proton and Tyr 90 as the acid that facilitates departure of the beta-OH leaving group. The enzyme product is 2-keto-d-threo-4,5-dihydroxyadipate, the enantiomer of the product obtained in the GalrD reaction catalyzed by a previously characterized bifunctional l-talarate/galactarate dehydratase (TalrD/GalrD). On the basis of the different active site structures and different regiochemistries, we recognize that these functions represent an example of apparent, not actual, convergent evolution of function. The structure of GalrD-II and its active site architecture allow identification of the seventh functionally and structurally characterized subgroup in the enolase superfamily. This study provides an additional example in which an integrated sequence- and structure-based strategy employing computational approaches is a viable approach for directing functional assignment of unknown enzymes discovered in genome projects.
PDB ID: 3ES7Download
MMDB ID: 67522
PDB Deposition Date: 2008/10/4
Updated in MMDB: 2009/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.9  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3ES7: dimeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3ES7
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Muconate Cycloisomerase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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