National Center for
3DRH: Crystal Structure Of Lactococcal Oppa Co-crystallized With Leu- Enkephalin In An Open Conformation
EMBO J. (2009) 28 p.1332-1340
Oligopeptide-binding protein A (OppA) from Lactococcus lactis binds peptides of an exceptionally wide range of lengths (4-35 residues), with no apparent sequence preference. Here, we present the crystal structures of OppA in the open- and closed-liganded conformations. The structures directly explain the protein's phenomenal promiscuity. A huge cavity allows binding of very long peptides, and a lack of constraints for the position of the N and C termini of the ligand is compatible with binding of peptides with varying lengths. Unexpectedly, the peptide's amino-acid composition (but not the exact sequence) appears to have a function in selection, with a preference for proline-rich peptides containing at least one isoleucine. These properties can be related to the physiology of the organism: L. lactis is auxotrophic for branched chain amino acids and favours proline-rich caseins as a source of amino acids. We propose a new mechanism for peptide selection based on amino-acid composition rather than sequence.