National Center for
3D96: Crystal Structure Of The R132k:y134f Mutant Of Apo-cellular Retinoic Acid Binding Protein Type Ii At 1.71 Angstroms Resolution
Structural analysis of site-directed mutants of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein II addresses the relationship between structural integrity and ligand binding
Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. (2008) 64 p.1228-1239
The structural integrity of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein II (CRABPII) has been investigated using the crystal structures of CRABPII mutants. The overall fold was well maintained by these CRABPII mutants, each of which carried multiple different mutations. A water-mediated network is found to be present across the large binding cavity, extending from Arg111 deep inside the cavity to the alpha2 helix at its entrance. This chain of interactions acts as a ;pillar' that maintains the integrity of the protein. The disruption of the water network upon loss of Arg111 leads to decreased structural integrity of the protein. A water-mediated network can be re-established by introducing the hydrophilic Glu121 inside the cavity, which results in a rigid protein with the alpha2 helix adopting an altered conformation compared with wild-type CRABPII.