3D5A: Structural Basis For Translation Termination On The 70s Ribosome

Citation:
Abstract
At termination of protein synthesis, type I release factors promote hydrolysis of the peptidyl-transfer RNA linkage in response to recognition of a stop codon. Here we describe the crystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with the release factor RF1, tRNA and a messenger RNA containing a UAA stop codon, at 3.2 A resolution. The stop codon is recognized in a pocket formed by conserved elements of RF1, including its PxT recognition motif, and 16S ribosomal RNA. The codon and the 30S subunit A site undergo an induced fit that results in stabilization of a conformation of RF1 that promotes its interaction with the peptidyl transferase centre. Unexpectedly, the main-chain amide group of Gln 230 in the universally conserved GGQ motif of the factor is positioned to contribute directly to peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis.
MMDB ID: 99305
PDB Deposition Date: 2008/5/16
Updated in MMDB: 2012/08
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 3.21  Å
Source Organism:
Thermus thermophilus HB27
Similar Structures:
Merged PDB IDs:3D5A 3D5B 3D5C 3D5D
Asymmetric Unit for 3D5A: 112-meric
Molecular Components in 3D5A
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (100 molecules)
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S2
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S3
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S4
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S5
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S6
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S7
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S8
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S9
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S10
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S11
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S12
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S13
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S14
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S15
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S16
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S17
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S18
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S19
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein S20
Molecule annotation
2
30S Ribosomal Protein THX
Molecule annotation
2
Peptide Chain Release Factor 1
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L2
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L3
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L4
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L5
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L6
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L9
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L10
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L13
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L14
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L15
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L16
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L17
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L18
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L19
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L20
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L21
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L22
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L23
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L24
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L25
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L27
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L28
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L29
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L30
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L31
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L32
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L33
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L34
Molecule annotation
2
50S Ribosomal Protein L35
Molecule annotation
Nucleotides(5 molecules)
2
16S rRNA
Molecule annotation
4
P and E-site tRNA(fmet)
Molecule annotation
2
mRNA
Molecule annotation
2
23S rRNA
Molecule annotation
2
5S rRNA
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2581 molecules)
1
4
2
2577
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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