National Center for
3CR5: X-ray Structure Of Bovine Pnt-zn(2+),ca(2+)-s100b
J. Mol. Biol. (2008) 382 p.56-73
As part of an effort to inhibit S100B, structures of pentamidine (Pnt) bound to Ca(2+)-loaded and Zn(2+),Ca(2+)-loaded S100B were determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.15 A (R(free)=0.266) and 1.85 A (R(free)=0.243) resolution, respectively. These data were compared to X-ray structures solved in the absence of Pnt, including Ca(2+)-loaded S100B and Zn(2+),Ca(2+)-loaded S100B determined here (1.88 A; R(free)=0.267). In the presence and absence of Zn(2+), electron density corresponding to two Pnt molecules per S100B subunit was mapped for both drug-bound structures. One Pnt binding site (site 1) was adjacent to a p53 peptide binding site on S100B (+/-Zn(2+)), and the second Pnt molecule was mapped to the dimer interface (site 2; +/-Zn(2+)) and in a pocket near residues that define the Zn(2+) binding site on S100B. In addition, a conformational change in S100B was observed upon the addition of Zn(2+) to Ca(2+)-S100B, which changed the conformation and orientation of Pnt bound to sites 1 and 2 of Pnt-Zn(2+),Ca(2+)-S100B when compared to Pnt-Ca(2+)-S100B. That Pnt can adapt to this Zn(2+)-dependent conformational change was unexpected and provides a new mode for S100B inhibition by this drug. These data will be useful for developing novel inhibitors of both Ca(2+)- and Ca(2+),Zn(2+)-bound S100B.