3BN6: Crystal Structure Of The C2 Domain Of Bovine Lactadherin At 1.67 Angstrom Resolution

Lactadherin is a phosphatidyl-L-serine (Ptd-L-Ser)-binding protein that decorates membranes of milk fat globules. The major Ptd-l-Ser binding function of lactadherin has been localized to its C2 domain, which shares homology with the C2 domains of blood coagulation factor VIII and factor V. Correlating with this homology, purified lactadherin competes efficiently with factors VIII and V for Ptd-L-Ser binding sites, functioning as a potent anticoagulant. We have determined the crystal structure of the lactadherin C2 domain (Lact-C2) at 1.7A resolution. The bovine Lact-C2 structure has a beta-barrel core that is homologous with the factor VIII C2 (fVIII-C2) and factor V C2 (fV-C2) domains. Two loops at the end of the beta-barrel, designated spikes 1 and 3, display four water-exposed hydrophobic amino acids, reminiscent of the membrane-interactive residues of fVIII-C2 and fV-C2. In contrast to the corresponding loops in fVIII-C2 and fV-C2, spike 1 of Lact-C2 adopts a hairpin turn in which the 7-residue loop is stabilized by internal hydrogen bonds. Further, central glycine residues in two membrane-interactive loops may enhance conformability of Lact-C2 to membrane binding sites. Mutagenesis studies confirmed a membrane-interactive role for the hydrophobic and/or Gly residues of both spike 1 and spike 3. Substitution of spike 1 of fVIII-C2 into Lact-C2 also diminished binding. Computational ligand docking studies identified two prospective Ptd-l-Ser interaction sites. These results identify two membrane-interactive loops of Lact-C2 and provide a structural basis for the more efficient phospholipid binding of lactadherin as compared with factor VIII and factor V.
PDB ID: 3BN6Download
MMDB ID: 61589
PDB Deposition Date: 2007/12/13
Updated in MMDB: 2007/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.67  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3BN6: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 3BN6
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Lactadherin(Gene symbol: MFGE8)
Molecule annotation
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB