National Center for
3BIN: Structure Of The Dal-1 And Tslc1 (372-383) Complex
Structural basis of tumor suppressor in lung cancer 1 (TSLC1) binding to differentially expressed in adenocarcinoma of the lung (DAL-1/4.1B)
J. Biol. Chem. (2011) 286 p.4511-4516
Perturbed cell adhesion mechanisms are crucial for tumor invasion and metastasis. A cell adhesion protein, TSLC1 (tumor suppressor in lung cancer 1), is inactivated in a majority of metastatic cancers. DAL-1 (differentially expressed in adenocarcinoma of the lung protein), another tumor suppressor, binds through its FERM domain to the TSLC1 C-terminal, 4.1 glycophorin C-like, cytoplasmic domain. However, the molecular basis for this interaction is unknown. Here, we describe the crystal structure of a complex between the DAL-1 FERM domain and a portion of the TSLC1 cytoplasmic domain. DAL-1 binds to TSLC1 through conserved residues in a well defined hydrophobic pocket in the structural C-lobe of the DAL-1 FERM domain. From the crystal structure, it is apparent that Tyr(406) and Thr(408) in the TSLC1 cytoplasmic domain form the most important interactions with DAL-1, and this was also confirmed by surface plasmon resonance studies. Our results refute earlier exon deletion experiments that indicated that glycophorin C interacts with the alpha-lobe of 4.1 FERM domains.