3AR9: Calcium Pump Crystal Structure With Bound Bef3, Tnp-amp and TG in the Absence of Calcium

Trinitrophenyl derivatives of adenine nucleotides are widely used for probing ATP-binding sites. Here we describe crystal structures of Ca(2+)-ATPase, a representative P-type ATPase, in the absence of Ca(2+) with bound ATP, trinitrophenyl-ATP, -ADP, and -AMP at better than 2.4-A resolution, stabilized with thapsigargin, a potent inhibitor. These crystal structures show that the binding mode of the trinitrophenyl derivatives is distinctly different from the parent adenine nucleotides. The adenine binding pocket in the nucleotide binding domain of Ca(2+)-ATPase is now occupied by the trinitrophenyl group, and the side chains of two arginines sandwich the adenine ring, accounting for the much higher affinities of the trinitrophenyl derivatives. Trinitrophenyl nucleotides exhibit a pronounced fluorescence in the E2P ground state but not in the other E2 states. Crystal structures of the E2P and E2 approximately P analogues of Ca(2+)-ATPase with bound trinitrophenyl-AMP show that different arrangements of the three cytoplasmic domains alter the orientation and water accessibility of the trinitrophenyl group, explaining the origin of "superfluorescence." Thus, the crystal structures demonstrate that ATP and its derivatives are highly adaptable to a wide range of site topologies stabilized by a variety of interactions.
PDB ID: 3AR9Download
MMDB ID: 88327
PDB Deposition Date: 2010/11/24
Updated in MMDB: 2013/08 
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.6  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 3AR9: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PISA)

Citing MMDB