National Center for
2ZWN: Crystal Structure Of The Novel Two-Domain Type Laccase From A Metagenome
X-ray structure of a two-domain type laccase: a missing link in the evolution of multi-copper proteins
FEBS Lett. (2009) 583 p.1189-1195
A multi-copper protein with two cupredoxin-like domains was identified from our in-house metagenomic database. The recombinant protein, mgLAC, contained four copper ions/subunits, oxidized various phenolic and non-phenolic substrates, and had spectroscopic properties similar to common laccases. X-ray structure analysis revealed a homotrimeric architecture for this enzyme, which resembles nitrite reductase (NIR). However, a difference in copper coordination was found at the domain interface. mgLAC contains a T2/T3 tri-nuclear copper cluster at this site, whereas a mononuclear T2 copper occupies this position in NIR. The trimer is thus an essential part of the architecture of two-domain multi-copper proteins, and mgLAC may be an evolutionary precursor of NIR.