National Center for
2XFQ: rasagiline-inhibited human monoamine oxidase B in complex with 2-(2- benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline
J. Biol. Chem. (2010) 285 p.36849-36856
Crystallographic and biochemical studies have been employed to identify the binding site and mechanism for potentiation of imidazoline binding in human monoamine oxidase B (MAO B). 2-(2-Benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline (2-BFI) inhibits recombinant human MAO B with a K(i) of 8.3 +/- 0.6 muM, whereas tranylcypromine-inhibited MAO B binds 2-BFI with a K(d) of 9 +/- 2 nM, representing an increase in binding energy Delta(DeltaG) of -3.9 kcal/mol. Crystal structures show the imidazoline ligand bound in a site that is distinct from the substrate-binding cavity. Contributions to account for the increase in binding affinity upon tranylcypromine inhibition include a conformational change in the side chain of Gln(206) and a "closed conformation" of the side chain of Ile(199), forming a hydrophobic "sandwich" with the side chain of Ile(316) on each face of the benzofuran ring of 2-BFI. Data with the I199A mutant of human MAO B and failure to observe a similar binding potentiation with rat MAO B, where Ile(316) is replaced with a Val residue, support an allosteric mechanism where the increased binding affinity of 2-BFI results from a cooperative increase in H-bond strength through formation of a more hydrophobic milieu. These insights should prove valuable in the design of high affinity and specific reversible MAO B inhibitors.