2X8U: Sphingomonas Wittichii Serine Palmitoyltransferase

Citation:
Abstract
Serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) catalyses the first step in the de novo biosynthesis of sphingolipids (SLs). It uses a decarboxylative Claisen-like condensation reaction to couple L-serine with palmitoyl-CoA to generate a long-chain base product, 3-ketodihydrosphingosine. SLs are produced by mammals, plants, yeast, and some bacteria, and we have exploited the complete genome sequence of Sphingomonas wittichii to begin a complete analysis of bacterial sphingolipid biosynthesis. Here, we describe the enzymatic characterization of the SPT from this organism and present its high-resolution x-ray structure. Moreover, we identified an open reading frame with high sequence homology to acyl carrier proteins (ACPs) that are common to fatty acid biosynthetic pathways. This small protein was co-expressed with the SPT and we isolated and characterised the apo- and holo-forms of the ACP. Our studies suggest a link between fatty acid and sphingolipid metabolism.
PDB ID: 2X8UDownload
MMDB ID: 80917
PDB Deposition Date: 2010/3/12
Updated in MMDB: 2015/11
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.1  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2X8U: dimeric; determined by software (PISA)
Molecular Components in 2X8U
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Serine Palmitoyltransferase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
1
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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