National Center for
2W7V: Periplasmic Domain Of Epsl From Vibrio Parahaemolyticus
The dimer formed by the periplasmic domain of EpsL from the Type 2 Secretion System of Vibrio parahaemolyticus
J. Struct. Biol. (2009) 168 p.313-322
The Type 2 Secretion System (T2SS), occurring in many Gram-negative bacteria, is responsible for the transport of a diversity of proteins from the periplasm across the outer membrane into the extracellular space. In Vibrio cholerae, the T2SS secretes several unrelated proteins including the major virulence factor cholera toxin. The T2SS consists of three sub-assemblies, one of which is the Inner Membrane Complex which contains multiple copies of five proteins, including the bitopic membrane protein EpsL. Here, we report the 2.3A resolution crystal structure of the periplasmic domain of EpsL (peri-EpsL) from Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which is 56% identical in sequence to its homolog in V. cholerae. The domain adopts a circular permutation of the "common" ferredoxin fold with two contiguous sub-domains. Remarkably, this infrequently occurring permutation was for the first time observed in the periplasmic domain of EpsM (peri-EpsM), another T2SS protein which interacts with EpsL. These two domains are 18% identical in sequence which may indicate a common evolutionary origin. Both peri-EpsL and peri-EpsM form dimers, but the organization of the subunits in these dimers appears to be entirely different. We have previously shown that the cytoplasmic domain of EpsL is also dimeric and forms a heterotetramer with the first domain of the "secretion ATPase" EpsE. The latter enzyme is most likely hexameric. The possible consequences of the combination of the different symmetries of EpsE and EpsL for the architecture of the T2SS are discussed.