National Center for
2SLI: Leech Intramolecular Trans-Sialidase Complexed With 2,7- Anhydro-Neu5ac, The Reaction Product
The 1.8 A structures of leech intramolecular trans-sialidase complexes: evidence of its enzymatic mechanism
J. Mol. Biol. (1999) 285 p.323-332
Intramolecular trans-sialidase from leech (Macrobdella decora) is the first member of the sialidase superfamily found to exhibit strict specificity towards the cleavage of terminal Neu5Acalpha2-->3Gal linkage in sialoglycoconjugates. Its release of 2,7-anhydro-Neu5Ac instead of Neu5Ac indicates that it catalyzes an intramolecular trans-sialosyl reaction. Crystal structures of its complexes with an inactive substrate analogue 2-propenyl-Neu5Ac, and with the product 2,7-anhydro-Neu5Ac, have been determined to 1.8 A resolution. The boat conformation of the pyranose observed in the complexes supports the proposed enzymatic mechanism that O7 of an axial 6-glycerol group attacks the positively charged C2 of the intermediate. A generalized mechanism is proposed for the sialidase superfamily.