National Center for
2RNE: Solution structure of the second RNA recognition motif (RRM) of TIA-1
Solution structure of the second RNA recognition motif (RRM) domain of murine T cell intracellular antigen-1 (TIA-1) and its RNA recognition mode
Biochemistry (2008) 47 p.6437-6450
T cell intracellular antigen-1 (TIA-1), an apoptosis promoting factor, functions as a splicing regulator for the Fas pre-mRNA. TIA-1 possesses three RNA recognition motifs (RRMs) and a glutamine-rich domain. The second RRM (RRM2) is necessary and sufficient for tight, sequence-specific binding to the uridine-rich sequences buried around the 5' splice sites. In the present study, we solved the solution structure of the murine TIA-1 RRM2 by heteronuclear-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The TIA-1 RRM2 adopts the RRM fold (betaalphabetabetaalphabeta) and possesses an extra beta-strand between beta2 and beta3, which forms an additional beta-sheet with the C-terminal part of beta2. We refer to this structure as the beta2-beta2' beta-loop. Interestingly, this characteristic beta-loop structure is conserved among a number of RRMs, including the U2AF65 RRM2 and the Sex-lethal RRM1 and RRM2, which also bind to uridine-rich RNAs. Furthermore, we identified a new sequence motif in the beta2-beta2' beta-loop, the DxxT motif. Chemical shift perturbation analyses of both the main and side chains upon binding to the uridine pentamer RNA revealed that most of the beta-sheet surface, including the beta2-beta2' beta-loop, is involved in the RNA binding. An investigation of the chemical shift perturbation revealed similarity in the RNA recognition modes between the TIA-1 and U2AF65 RRMs.